عنوان مقاله [English]
Western scholars for a long time. They have interpreted that
differently in their studies and used it for dating traditions. This article
answers the question, whether early Muslim traditionists, were
familiar with this phenomenon and also which technical adīth terms
are coined for explaining different features of traditions and their
transmitters related to common link. Review of early adīth works
reveals that the technical terms such as “gharīb” and “fard” are coined
and used concerning some aspects of the same phenomenon.
Furthermore, it identifies that “madār” is equivalent with the Western
term “common link”. Finally, examining how early traditionists dealt
with this phenomenon, this paper clarifies that the difference between
Western and Muslims scholars’ understanding and interpretation of
this phenomenon, is rooted in their different approaches to the validity
of HHadīth and their method in criticizing the traditions.