عنوان مقاله [English]
The age of Ikhwān-al-Ṣafā, was the age of introduction to and
interaction of different cultures and civilizations with each other.
Ikhwān-al-Ṣafā noticed this variety; as that in their mental system
factors such as variety of climate conditions, difference of natural
resources and wealth, method of exploitation of these resources, type
of food, clothing and variety tendencies toward industries, moral
variety of humans – that due to expectorant mater and health, effects
of months and stars, way of education – and also difference of variety
religions – as a effective factor in social order and relation and moral
– and too variety of political system of relative to religions and
difference of languages and words, different tendencies toward music
and finally science; Cause distinction between different societies and
creation of different cultures and civilizations. All of these factors are
connected to each other and affect each other. In the course of these
effects what is more influential is the religious system.