عنوان مقاله [English]
Under the Qajars, the traditional society and economy of Bastam-
Shahrud region remarkablly changed by internal and external forces.
To enlight the developments, the present study readouts and analyses
the official instruction issued by the central government for revenue
and expenditures of the region in 1877-1878. This work shows that
along with developments in the local economy (trade and agriculture),
while income of the central government was growing, the peasantry
were subject to more tax burden on the one hand, on the other hand
nothing of the increased revenue reached the treasuray, as local
expenditure exceeded the income.