عنوان مقاله [English]
As an expression of the ideas of “remembrance” and “prayer” in the
Koran, the Friday prayer is primarily the manifestation of the
communal worship of God. Surviving reports of the contents of the
sermons by the Prophet, Imams, and the first four Caliphs during the
Friday prayer, show these sermons to have occasionally included
social and political contents. However, in the course of the evolution
of these sermons, changes in their substance and signification
transformed them into discourses with completely political and
governmental contents. The most important of these changes was a
requirement to pray for the ruling Caliph by whomever delivered the
sermon. As a result, the notion of "sermonizing in someone's name"
was created and came to generally signify the legitimization of that
person's rule. The imposition of purely political functionalities upon
the sermons that were delivered at Friday prayers, gradually eroded
their sanctity in Islamic history.