عنوان مقاله [English]
The story of the annexation of Ziyād b. ÝUbayd to Abū Sufyān is well
known in the history of Islam. Probably this fame, more than its
illegitimacy, is due to the fame of Ziyād himself as one of four Arab
sagacious men, and as one of three effective figures who assisted
MuÝāwiya in strengthening the basis of Umawid Caliphate. Ziyād’s
desire to be a Caliph, which was not accomplished, was only pledged
to the acceptance of the annexation and relation to Mu‘āwiya. After
the recognition of annexation, he knew himself as Mu‘āwiya’s brother
and a competitor of his crown prince, and craved for Caliphate.
Therefore he didn’t contribute in Yazīd’s crown prince-ship and the
hereditary of Caliphate. Though the annexation cost too much for
Muslim society of Iraq, and disgraced Ziyād himself, but made him
and Mu‘āwiya, even more than him, successful to achieve their
desires. This paper is to investigate motivations and consequences of
this subject from a historical point of view (F.S.).