عنوان مقاله [English]
The social history as a new approach and attitude appeared since the second half of century in Europe and USA because of: (1) the change in the scope of historical study, especially from the beginning of century. (2) arising Anal approach as a type of an argumentation manner, explanation method [or model] and attitude for historians. In the last three decades, the social history is become the main and popular part of historical study. Before this period, though, historiographers have almost been attentive to the data from people's social life in historiography of century and the beginning of century, however it was by means of fashioning this new approach that the historians changed their view from chronology and their social life. The social history as a new approach endeavors to account and explain people's life in three domains: (1) the relation among them. (2) the relation between people [ community society ] and governments.(3) the relation between people and their worldly and spiritual life and suggesting causal explanation.