عنوان مقاله [English]
Siraf port founded in Sassanid time in order to develop trade and
security in Persian Gulf, and soon became very important, like Ubulla
port. In Islamic medieval centuries, especially 3rd and 4th centuries
A.H., some backgrounds and factors led Siraf to flourish and become
the most important port in Persian Gulf. The decline of Basra port due
to political riots; appropriate geographical location of Siraf and
suitable depth of its shores; experiences and efforts of siraf’s seafarers
and tradesmen; and finally Buyids special patronage to this port and
its hinterlands in Fars province, are considerable factors in this regard.
Siraf in its flourishing period had effective regional and
intercontinental commercial relations with Different ports and regions
of China, India and Ceylon, Red sea and eastern Africa, and southern
and northern shores of Persian Gulf.