عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
Immigration of the philosophers Mutakalims from the descending cities of Andalucia to Ifrikiya was simultaneous with the advent of Imām- ul- mutikallīm kalāmi thoughts from Egypt to Ifrikiya. In this encounter of thoughts Maliki Mutakalims were superior who confirmed and established their predecessor´s traditions. Superiority of kālam over philosophy continued in most schools of the Hafsi period. Combination of philosophy and kālam philosophy and Sufism and cration of philosophical Sufism was one of the special phenomena in the Hafsi period. Ibn khaldūn´snew policy in history and advent of the worldly character of Ibn Sab‘īn introduced Hafsi period as the fundamental stage in the history of Islamic philosophy. Muslim´s superiority over the Christian in sagacious discussions indicates liveliness and predaminary of Islamic philosophy after Ibn Rashid prevalence of polemic is one of the common phenomena in Hafsi period that revealed itself most in Ibadiyeh (madhhab).